HADEJIA A YAU!
We are severely constrained in the producing a coherent, meaningful and definite pattern of the process of the evolution of Hadejia emirate due to the limitation by our main source-oral tradition. Most of the traditions collected hardly touch on the process of the evolution of Kasar Hadejia. But in spite of this difficulty, we intend to take a second look at the source through a new-interpretation in the hope of coming out with a better understanding of the process of the evolution of Hadejia emirate. Towards this end, we shall attempt to discuss the process of the evolution of certain Old settlement in the emirate, with a view to paving way towards grasping the process of the evolution of Kasar Hadejia as whole.
Prior to the jihadist conquest at the beginning of the 19th century, the territory now known as Hadejia emirate consisted of several separate and distinct Kingdoms whose rulers received titles from and owed allegiance to the Habe Galadima of Borno.
The former Habe Kingdoms included Auyo,Garin Gabas(Biram),Hadejia,Kazura,Gaturwa,Marma,Dawa and Fagi. The process of the evolution of these Kingdoms of seems to be obscure except perhaps for the Kingdoms of Hadejia,Auyo and Garin Gabas.
At the time of the foundation of Hadejia,a number of small settlements were said to have existed in the territory that came to be known as Hadejia emirate. For example,on the North-eastern side of Hadejia town, there was Madagwaigwai, whose present site is near Rubban Dakata a village about 10kilometres east of Hadejia Kiri kasamma road. While on the eastern side of the town was Maskangayu (kulunfardu), a village said to have been established by Damagarawa immigrants whose ancestors now live in Hadejia (ILALLAH).
The old site of Kulunfardu was located near Tandanu, just by the valley of River Hadejia, about 15kilometres from TURABU.
There was a tradition in Turabu which said that, at the side of kulunfardu, there was a large Tamarind (Tsamiyar linzamai) whose branches were said to have bent due to the weight of the Luggage of soldiers of Mai Ali of Borno when they camped there on their way to attack Kano during the reign of Sarkin Kano Muhammadu Kambari Dan shariff(1731-1734) By the western side of Hade's camp was KADIME (still located to the site) which was about 9kilometre from Hadejia. By the Northern side of Hadejia was Majeri a few kilometre from Mallam madori, and by the southern side were Auyakayi(Tunawa), Unik(Arki), Majawa and Auyo.
These settlement were clearly established in the surrounding areas much earlier than Hadejia town.End of page One.
A short History of Hadejia 1800-1906. By Musa Usman Mustapha.
Ana saida shi a k.liman.