Friday, July 6, 2012
HADEJIA A YAU!
We are severely constrained in the producing a coherent, meaningful and definite pattern of the process of the evolution of Hadejia emirate due to the limitation by our main source-oral tradition. Most of the traditions collected hardly touch on the process of the evolution of Kasar Hadejia. But in spite of this difficulty, we intend to take a second look at the source through a new-interpretation in the hope of coming out with a better understanding of the process of the evolution of Hadejia emirate. Towards this end, we shall attempt to discuss the process of the evolution of certain Old settlement in the emirate, with a view to paving way towards grasping the process of the evolution of Kasar Hadejia as whole.
Prior to the jihadist conquest at the beginning of the 19th century, the territory now known as Hadejia emirate consisted of several separate and distinct Kingdoms whose rulers received titles from and owed allegiance to the Habe Galadima of Borno.
The former Habe Kingdoms included Auyo,Garin Gabas(Biram),Hadejia,Kazura,Gaturwa,Marma,Dawa and Fagi. The process of the evolution of these Kingdoms of seems to be obscure except perhaps for the Kingdoms of Hadejia,Auyo and Garin Gabas.
At the time of the foundation of Hadejia,a number of small settlements were said to have existed in the territory that came to be known as Hadejia emirate. For example,on the North-eastern side of Hadejia town, there was Madagwaigwai, whose present site is near Rubban Dakata a village about 10kilometres east of Hadejia Kiri kasamma road. While on the eastern side of the town was Maskangayu (kulunfardu), a village said to have been established by Damagarawa immigrants whose ancestors now live in Hadejia (ILALLAH).
The old site of Kulunfardu was located near Tandanu, just by the valley of River Hadejia, about 15kilometres from TURABU.
There was a tradition in Turabu which said that, at the side of kulunfardu, there was a large Tamarind (Tsamiyar linzamai) whose branches were said to have bent due to the weight of the Luggage of soldiers of Mai Ali of Borno when they camped there on their way to attack Kano during the reign of Sarkin Kano Muhammadu Kambari Dan shariff(1731-1734) By the western side of Hade's camp was KADIME (still located to the site) which was about 9kilometre from Hadejia. By the Northern side of Hadejia was Majeri a few kilometre from Mallam madori, and by the southern side were Auyakayi(Tunawa), Unik(Arki), Majawa and Auyo.
These settlement were clearly established in the surrounding areas much earlier than Hadejia town.
End of page One.
A short History of Hadejia 1800-1906. By Musa Usman Mustapha.
Ana saida shi a k.liman.
HADEJIA A YAU! Wannan Bindigar Sarkin Hadejia Buhari ce. A lokacinda Sarkin Musulmi Aliyu Bubba ya turo Wazirin Sokoto Abdulkadir Gidado Gurin Sarkin Hadejia Buhari, Wazirin Sokoto shine wakilin sarkin Musulmi a yankin Gabas sai ya taho Hadejia daga Kano Amma sai ya wuce Katagum, Ya turo Jakada zuwa Hadejia yana So su Gana da Sarki Buhari. Buhari yayi tunanin ya tafi shi kadai daga baya sai ya canza shawara kawai ya Tafi Katagum Da Mutanensa. zasu gamu da Wazirin Sokoto a can. Lokacinda suka isa Katagum Sarkin Hadejia Buhari ya tsaya a Kofar Garin Katagum sai ya tura a fadawa Waziri Ya Iso Wazirin Sokoto da Sarkin Katagum suka zo sai sukace Buhari ya Biyosu amma shi kadai tunda Shawara zasuyi. Sarki Buhari ya bisu Har ya shiga Kofar Garin Katagum. Sai Mawakinsa wato DAN FATIMA ya fara masa waka yana cewa:-
1, Abubakar Garba Mijin Maza,
2, Buhari kai ke da Nutso Kai ke da Hankali.
3, Don Allah yayi ka Uban Jama'a
4, Kuma kai Allah ya baiwa shugabancin Gidan Sambo
5, Ba dan na isa ba, In ka yarda ga Aike ka shiga dashi
6, Fasa Maza Gagara gasa Aiken shine
7, In ka sauka lafiya ka gaida Na Lara Sarkin Auyo
8, Ka gaida Bello Sarkin Dutse
9, Na Sambo sai ka dawo.
Abinda Dan fatima yake Nufi Sarkin Auyo da Sarkin Dutse duk Buhari ya kashe su. Dan haka shima In ya shiga Katagum Lalle Bazai fito ba. KodaSarki Buhari yaji Wannan Waka ta Dan fatima sai ya juyo da baya, Wazirin sokoto da Sarkin Katagum da suka fahimci Buhari ya juya sai suka Biyoshi da Ihu Su da mutanen Katagum Suna ce masa Kafiri yaki bin Umarnin Sarkin Musulmi. sai da suka biyoshi har Unik Iyakar Hadejia Da Katagum. kuma sun kashe wasu daga mutanen Buhari. koda yazo Unik sai ya yanke Shawarar ya yi sansani a nan ya koma ya yaki Katagum. kuma mutanensa suka koma suka Karkashe Mutanen Katagum karkashin jagorancin Barde Risku. Daga nan Rashin Jituwa Tsakanin Hadejia da Katagum ya Fara har bayan shekara Goma sha biyu bayan Mutuwar Buhari. ((1863). daga nan Aka samu wasa tsakanin Hadejia da Katagum. koda Katagumawa suka juya sai Wazirin Sokoto ya sake Gyyato Mutanen kano suka Hadu da Na Katagum zasuzo su yaki Buhari. da sarki Buhari yaji wannan Labarin sai shi da mutanensa suka bar Hadejia suka tafi Shabawa Iyakar Hadejia da Gumel Sukayi sansani a can. da Buhari ya bar Hadejia sai Wazirin sokoto ya nada Wansa Ahmadu Sarkin Hadejia. A shekarar (1850).Wanda dama saboda shi suka Takurawa Sarki buhari.